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高分衔接词 第三期

高分衔接词 第三期

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高分衔接词 第三期

2016-01-14 播放 6805
1. logical consequence 逻辑关系
△	Very formal: thus, hence
△	Average: therefore, as a result, consequently
△	informal,: so, then, For this reason, This is why
•	Today&`&s children eat more junk food and get less exercise than previous generations of children. It is not surprising, therefore/as a result, that rates of childhood obesity are on the increase.
•	Children who grow up on a diet of junk food find it difficult to change this habit later in life. For this reason, /This is why it is essential that children eat healthily from an early age.

2. making things clear; giving details 进一步解释观点
△	I mean, actually, that is to say, in other words
△	I mean, 希望进一步解释,解释的更清楚
•	The party was so boring. I mean they all sat around and talked about football/shoes. 
△	actually, 想给出更多的细节,尤其是听者可能意想不到的
•	The food in that restaurant was not all that expensive. Actually, some were even cheaper than those in street side stalls. 
△	that is to say, in other words 换句话说
•	I can’t continue working with him. That is to say/in other words, unless he does something about his laziness, I will have to team up with someone else. 

3. softening 弱化个人观点
△	只是个人意见,看起来不那么固执武断
△	I think, I feel, I reckon, I guess, I presume, in my view/opinion, apparently, 
△	so to speak(=as one might say, even though the words are not exactly accurate), more or less, sort of, kind of
△	well, really, that is to say, at least, I’m afraid, I suppose, or rather, actually, I mean
△	E.g.
•	I kind of think it’s more or less a crime. 
•	I love my golden retriever. She’s my baby, so to speak. 
•	Ghosts don’t exist. At least, I’ve never seen one. 

4. showing one’s attitude to what one is saying 表明自己的态度
△	honestly, frankly, no doubt
△	honestly, frankly, 说实话
△	no doubt =probably, I suppose, not certainly
•	The schools should no doubt spend twice as much on teachers as they do now. (我是这样认为的) 
•	No doubt you have already heard about the terrible storm we just had (你应该听说了吧)
•	比较:there is no doubt that the world is getting warmer. 

5. referring to the other’s expectations 关于实际与预期
△	actually & in fact & as a matter of fact : 超出预期/想象的
•	Did you meet the CEO? Yes, as a matter of fact/in fact/actually, he asked us to lunch. 
△	actually, in fact, as a matter of fact, to tell the truth 表示对方的预期没有达到
•	I hope you passed the exam. –actually/ in fact /as a matter of fact/to tell the truth/well, I didn’t. 
•	How was the holiday? - Actually/ in fact /as a matter of fact/to tell the truth/well, we didn’t go. 

6. gaining time 争取更多思考时间 
△	um /ʌm/, let me see, let’s see, well, you know, I mean, kind of, sort of, basically
•	Why did you do that? ~ um, well, you know, I don’t know, really, I mean, it just sort of seemed a good idea 
△	Well, OK, that’s a tough one. Let me see. Um…